FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
Who are the blood donors at Jeevan Blood Bank?
Jeevan accepts blood only from safe non-remunerated voluntary blood donors with clean medical history.
How often can one donate blood?
A healthy individual (male or female) can donate blood once in 90 days subject to acceptable level (= or > 12.5 gms/dl) of pre-donation Haemoglobin concentration.
- Rest for at least 10 - 15 minutes. Light refreshment will be provided.
- Do not leave the donor site without the permission of a staff member.
- If you feel dizzy either lie down or sit down with your head between your knees until you feel well.
- Do not smoke for at least one hour.
- Drink more than the usual amount of fluids and avoid alcohol intake for 24 hours.
- Make your next meal a really hearty one.
- Avoid lifting heavy weights or exercise for 24 hours.
- Leave the gauze or band-aid on for 4-6 hours and do not get it wet.
- If you have any problems please do not hesitate to call the blood bank and talk to the doctor or nurse.
Can I develop AIDS, Hepatitis or any other disease by donating blood?
NO. Jeevan uses only single use disposable equipment for collecting donor blood.
Why is only a component of the blood used and not the whole blood?
Blood transfusion has been made safer by transfusing only the needed component of the blood to the patients (viz.) RBCs for those who are anaemic and those undergoing surgery, Platelets for those children and adults whose platelet count is low due to disease or medication they received, Plasma for those with burn injuries or bleeding problems. Cryoprecipitate is required on a continuous basis for the management of Hemophilia. This approach also helps in optimal use of available blood.
What is the shelf life of various components?
- RBCs can be stored up to 42 days at 2 - 6 Deg C.
- Platelets for 5 days at 20 - 24 Deg. C with constant agitation.
- Fresh Frozen Plasma and Cryo precipitate for one year at less than - 30 Deg.C.
When stored as whole blood, the clotting factors in the plasma lose their efficacy by 8 hours and the platelets lose their function after 24 hours. Hence the need to use the blood as components stored at appropriate conditions.
How is blood safety ensured?
Blood transfusion can never be 100% safe. What is safe today may not be safe as knowledge improves. However, blood banks are expected to ensure the safety by judicious donor selection and by stringent screening of the donor blood for diseases known to be transmitted at that point of time. Currently law recommends testing of each unit of donated blood (not the donor prior to donation) for Hepatitis B (HBsAg), Hepatitis C (Antibody test), HIV (Antibody Test), RPR for Syphilis and Malaria.
Current knowledge on diseases transmitted through transfusion warrants more extensive testing of donor blood. Hence Jeevan tests every unit of donated blood for Hepatitis - B virus (HBsAg, Anti HBc-Total), Hepatitis - C virus (Anti HCV and HCV Antigen), HIV (HIV Antigen, Anti HIV 1&2), Malaria and Syphilis. In addition Jeevan has also recently introduced red cell antibody screening on all blood donor samples. At Jeevan Blood Bank therefore an additional four tests are done to improve the safety of the blood issued.
For complete screening of the blood to be completed, it takes one full working day, if the tests are to be done using approved methodologies and kits.
How is the compatibility test done between the blood of donor and recipient?
It is assumed that if the blood of the donor and the recipient belong to the same group they will match. But in reality it is not so. Apart for A, B, and O group antigens there are many other blood group antigens on the red cell surface of every human being. Under normal circumstances a full panel cross-match is done before every unit is released for transfusion. This approximately takes about 60 - 90 minutes.
Are there situations when a full panel cross-match is not performed?
In the event of emergencies and if the consultant requests for blood components without full panel cross match, the same is issued with only ABOD compatibility testing, after obtaining a written request from the consultant.
Are the blood components available any time of the day?
Jeevan Blood Bank works from 7 am to 7 pm on all days. We request all hospitals to send their requests for blood/ blood components before 7 p.m., and we issue the blood the same day by 9.p.m.
This has been done in the interest of the recipient, to ensure that no errors in cross-matching occur due to technologist fatigue. Technologist fatigue causing errors has been well documented from transfusion centres in many parts of the world.
Does one have to pay for the unit received?
YES. Even though the blood is obtained from voluntary blood donors, there is a cost involved in the collection using disposable consumables, testing, processing using expensive equipments, storage and compatibility testing before release to the patients. This has to be recovered from those who can afford and subsidise for others. Listen more on this
How else can I help?
Apart from being a blood donor, you could help us in various ways:
By requesting your friends and colleagues to donate blood. By organizing a blood donation camp at your workplace. Financially you could help us by sponsoring free units:
If you would like to make blood free click here
This contribution is eligible for tax deduction under Section 80G of the Income Tax Act.